Wildlife in Kaziranga National Park
five kinds of Rhinos found in the world - white rhino, black rhino,
Indian rhino, Javan rhino, and Sumatran rhino. The white and black
Rhinos are live in Africa, while Indian, Javan and Sumatran are Asian
Rhinos, found in Noth Pakistan, Assam in India, Nepal, Bhutan and
The usual weight of an Indian Rhino is 2,000 kg. The one way to
distinguish between a an Indian Rhino and an African Rhino is the
single horn. Both white and black African Rhinos have two horns.
Another distinguishing feature of the Indian Rhinoceros is its skin,
which is knobbly and falls into deep folds at its joints, giving a
look like the Rhino is wearing a coat of armour.
All the Rhinos are vegetarian and Indian Rhinos mostly eat grass,
fruits, leaves and crops. Their well developed upper lip helps them to
eat out tall elephant grasses, which they like the best. It also helps
them to pull out aquatic plants by the roots. Indian Rhinos usually
prefer to roam around in the morning and evening hours to avoid the
heat of the day and live for about 40 years.
Kaziranga National Park
Lying along the mighty Brahmaputra river, the Kaziranaga National Park
covers an area of about 430-sq-kms. Its swamps and grasslands with
tall thickets of elephant grass and patches of ever green forest
support the largest number of Rhino population in the whole of Indian
subcontinent. Once reached to an alarming point due to hunting and
poaching, this area came under wildlife conservation in 1926 and in
1940, Kaziranga was declared a sanctuary.
Kaziranga National Park is a birding paradise; the grasslands are a
raptor country that can be seen on safari makes a remarkable
experience. These include the Oriental Honey Buzzard, Black-Shouldered
Kite, Black Kite, Brahminy Kite, Pallas's Fishing Eagle, White Tailed
Eagle, Grey-Headed Fishing Eagle, Himalayan Griffon, etc. Huge numbers
of migratory birds descend on the parks lakes and marshy areas during
winters, including Greylag Geese, Bar-Headed Geese, Ruddy Shelduck,
Gadwall, Falcated Duck, Red-Crested Pochard and Northern Shoveller.